Dr. Ed Breazeale: Member of the American Board of Medical Specialties

Plastic surgeon Dr. Ed Breazeale dedicates his life to helping his patients at The Breazeale Clinic for Plastic Surgery in Tennessee, where he offers cutting-edge techniques in many surgical and non-surgical treatments that enhance the appearance. Dr. Ed Breazeale also commits himself to furthering his field, and belongs to a number of professional organizations, including the American Board of Medical Specialties (ABMS), where he also has completed a Maintenance of Certification (MOC) program.

The ABMS oversees U.S. certification of doctors’ specialties and subspecialties, assists 24 medical specialty boards in physician certification and evaluation, and develops standards and programs for this purpose. The ABMS serves as a primary source of credential information and also aids physicians in maintaining their certification throughout their careers. The ABMS MOC requires the assessment of six ongoing disciplines for physicians and ensures that they commit to a lifetime of continuing education.

The disciplines include medical knowledge, practice-based learning, symptoms-based practice, patient care, professionalism, and interpersonal and communication skills. The MOC serves as a way for physicians to remain accountable, and through the program, doctors demonstrate their commitment to patients. The benefits to a physician who participated in the MOC program include focused learning and reduced insurance premiums, among others.

Patients benefit from the program in that they experience better communication with the physician and fewer medical errors in their care. Hospitals, insurers, and organizations that provide credentials all recognize the program as a benchmark of quality. Numerous major medical associations support the MOC, including the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education, The Joint Commission, the Federation of State Medical Boards, the Association of American Medical Colleges, the National Board of Medical Examiners, and many more. The MOC evaluates physicians who hold a current, unrestricted U.S. or Canadian medical license.

Physicians must participate in various education programs that meet standards that have been developed by their member boards, and they must take tests that measure their quality of care in their field. The ABMS evaluates physicians in clinical settings to ensure they provide the highest in patient care and meet national benchmarks. The ABMS offers a host of board certification-related publications, such as Annual Review, the ABMS Guide to Physician Specialties, and Certificate Statistics. In addition, books are available on a variety of other subjects, including performance evaluation, hospital privileging, certification exams, and medical education.

Programs Sponsored by the American College of Surgeons

An accomplished Plastic Surgeon and owner of The Breazeale Clinic in Knoxville, Tennessee, Dr. Ed Breazeale belongs to the American College of Surgeons (ACS). The largest professional organization for surgeons in the United States and Canada, the ACS oversees a number of programs that provide valuable support for surgery professionals. Here is a brief overview of some of the programs and divisions sponsored by the ACS.

Education: To ensure a high standard of performance among surgeons and others involved in the surgical care industry, the ACS offers a number of continuing education programs. The ACS strives to become one of the most widely recognized educational resources for surgeons across the country by establishing top-quality educational programs and new performance benchmarks. Examples of educational programs offered by the ACS include general surgery review courses, rural surgery workshops, fundamentals of laparoscopic surgery, and a variety of conferences and seminars on leadership within the surgical profession.

Trauma programs: Through a series of trauma initiatives, the ACS seeks to improve the quality of care in the wake of traumas at local, regional, national, and international levels. To accomplish its goal, the ACS has established a number of programs that address issues such as outcome assessment, education, standards of care, and professional development.

Research and patient care: Through its Division of Research and Optimal Patient Care, the ACS helps surgeons draw upon the best available technology and scientific research while maintaining high standards of patient care. To accomplish this goal, the ACS promotes the participation of surgeons in the laboratory setting, and supports a collaborative effort among ACS divisions such as the Division of Education and the Division of Health Policy.

Cancer programs: The ACS Commission on Cancer (CoC) is a comprehensive cancer care program that seeks to improve standards of patient care across the country and support cancer patients and their families as they battle this deadly disease. The Cancer Liaison Program, one of the primary activities of the CoC, draws upon a nationwide network of volunteers dedicated to the cause of supporting clinical cancer-related activities in their local communities.

To learn more about the activities of the American College of Surgeons, visit its website at www.facs.org.

Dr. Ed Breazeale and the University of Tennessee College of Medicine

Dr. Ed Breazeale helps patients achieve their ideal appearance at The Breazeale Clinic for Plastic Surgery in Knoxville, Tennessee. There, he performs a litany of surgical and nonsurgical procedures that enhance one’s aesthetics. In preparation for his long and successful career in plastic surgery, Dr. Ed Breazeale attended the University of Tennessee College of Medicine in Memphis, where he earned his Doctor of Medicine, which serves as one of six graduate schools of the University of Tennessee Health Science Center.

The University consists of three campuses, located in Memphis, Chattanooga, and Knoxville, for a total of 44 departments. After two years at the Memphis campus, medical students rotate to the other two for clinical training.

The University’s centers for genomics and bioinformatics, vascular biology, and connective tissue diseases enjoy affiliation with various elite hospitals, including Le Bonheur Children’s Medical Center and St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital. The renowned Cancer Research Center consists of laboratories devoted to the study of cancer genetics, viral gene therapy, cancer therapeutics, and other fields, while the Regional Biocontainment Laboratory serves as the school’s center for the investigation of pathogens and infectious diseases. Residencies are also available, most of which are offered at the Memphis campus and include nephrology, pulmonology, infectious diseases, otolaryngology, pathology, hematology, and pediatrics, among many other fields. The University partners with three Tennessee Level 1 Trauma Centers: the UT Medical Center in Knoxville, Erlanger Health Systems in Chattanooga, and the Regional Medical Center of Memphis.

The University gained prestige when in 2009 one of its alumni and faculty members, Dr. James D. Eason, performed a complete liver transplant on Steve Jobs, founder of Apple, Inc. Other notable faculty members include Peter C. Doherty of the pediatric department, who in 1996 won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. Also of particular note, the school’s Clinical Research Director of the Emergency Medicine Residency Program, Francis M. Fesmire, also won the Nobel Prize in 2006 for his research on the treatment of hiccups.

Why Do We Get Wrinkles? By Dr. Ed Breazeale of the Breazeale Clinic

By Dr. Ed Breazeale

Everyone’s body eventually forms wrinkles since they naturally develop during the aging process. Fortunately, a number of treatments exist to minimize the appearance of wrinkles. Additionally, with proper skin care, the speed of developing wrinkles decreases.

The reason we acquire wrinkles lies in the constitution of skin, which consists of three primary layers: the epidermis, dermis, and subcutaneous tissue. The epidermis is the outermost layer, which contains older skin cells, mostly keratinocytes, that gradually migrate toward the surface. The middle layer of skin, the dermis, contains the younger keratinocytes as well as a number of structural tissues. Each of these tissues retains a different function and contributes to the texture and feel of skin. Tautness and elasticity of skin stem from the configuration of the dermis. Connective tissues make up the third skin layer and provide nutrients and reinforcement to the upper layers. The subcutaneous tissue, upon which the meshwork of connective tissues sits, consists of fatty cells and gives skin the appearance of plumpness. The diagram below shows the various layers of skin:

As skin ages, fewer epidermal cells develop, leading to a loss of moisture and a thinning out of the top layer of skin. The structure below the skin becomes weakened, offering less tautness and support. Nutrient flow to the skin also decreases, making it difficult for the body to produce new skin tissues. In addition, the subcutaneous layer also thins out, reducing the appearance of plumpness. All of these factors add to the development of wrinkles. Sun damage or habitual facial expressions that stretch the skin also contribute, accentuating the effects of the natural-aging process.

Antiwrinkle treatments have been designed to reverse some of the effects of aging skin, such as moisture loss and decreased elasticity. To learn more about your options for combating wrinkles, go to the Breazeale Clinic website at www.breazealeclinic.com.

— A successful cosmetic surgeon, Dr. Ed Breazeale manages the Breazeale Clinic, based in Knoxville, Tennessee. His facility provides a wide range of surgical and nonsurgical treatments, ranging from liposuction to Botox injections.

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